1809, Peninsula and Waterloo Brunswickers

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BaronVonWreckedoften
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1809, Peninsula and Waterloo Brunswickers

Post by BaronVonWreckedoften » Tue Jun 05, 2018 3:42 pm

The 1809 Campaign
“Die Schwarz Schar” (“The Black Band”) of 1809 was an all-arms force ideally suited to “Sharp Practice” (or “Scharf Praxis” in German!). Formed with the support of the Austrians, but along Prussian lines, it consisted of a regiment of two (later three) infantry battalions, one company of Gelernte Jaeger, a regiment of hussars (joined later by a squadron of uhlans), and a battery of horse artillery with two 6-pdrs and two 7-pdr howitzers. Activated in support of the Austrian campaign against Napoleon, it fought with some distinction against the Saxons in Bohemia, and then against Jerome’s and Junot’s commands in Franconia, before fighting its way to the coast and being evacuated by the Royal Navy after the Austrians signed an armistice. Throughout the campaign, the Black Band seems to have performed very creditably against a mix of German forces – principally Saxons and Westphalians (the fighting against the latter seems to have been particularly bitter) and French detachments. A big part of the reason for this good showing by troops with supposedly only a few weeks’ experience, was that a large number were former soldiers, led by experienced Prussian officers, whilst the Duke himself also displayed some military talent. With the exception of a few officers, all of the Black Band were keen to escape to England and carry on the fight to regain their homeland.

In terms of rationale for the choices, I have used the values suggested for the 1809 Austrian and pre-1809 Prussian lists, as posted elsewhere on here. On that basis, I have given the main body of the infantry Sharp Practice and Aggressiveness as attributes, reflecting their performance in the successful storming of both Zittau and Halberstadt, and Sharp Practice and Stubborn for the skirmishers. However, one thing I have not included is “Weedy Coves” for the 3rd Rank Skirmishers; whilst I agree that such skirmishers would not normally engage in fisticuffs, the overall performance of the Brunswickers in 1809 suggests they were definitely up for a fight, especially against the Westphalians. Having a large number of Prussian officers in their ranks also suggests that 3rd Rank skirmishing was far from unknown to this corps. Given its limited involvement in the campaign (and also taking into account Richard Clarke’s comment about Austrian uhlans being the least impressive of their cavalry), I made the uhlans fairly “vanilla”, whereas I think the combat record of the hussar regiment was sufficient to merit them being at least the equal of the French light cavalry of this period. I also made the Hussars “in hand” and “tally ho!” to reflect the Prussian/Austrian influences on their training. I believe that any Black Band force merits an FM of +1, being more than half Regular, and that the Duke should be a prominent leader as he had a very “hands on” approach to commanding his men in the field. Note that the numbers in square brackets are the variables for each troop type.

Generic Support Lists:-

• List One: Physic; Holy Man; Musician; Barricade; Ladders
• List Two: Specialist (Marksman – only if rifles fielded); Additional Canister; Water Cart; Breastwork
• List Three: Exploring Officer (Light Column only); Ammunition Cart (Infantry Column only); Extra Leader, Status I; Raise any Leader one level
• List Six: Extra Leader, Status II

A) Infantry
Main body-:
Name: Infantry Type: Regular Points Value: List 5 + 2 [10 variables] = 7
Weapon: Musket Size: 8 Formation: Always [2]
First Fire: Yes [1] Controlled Volley: Yes [2] Crashing Volley: 3 [0]
Step Out: 2 [1] Drill: 2 [1] Characteristics: Sharp Practice [2]; Aggressive [1]

Third rank skirmishers (max. of 1 for every 2 main groups):
Name: 3rd Rank Type: Skirmisher Points Value: List 6 + 0 [6 variables] = 6
Weapon: Musket Size: 6 Formation: Always [2]
First Fire: Yes [1] Controlled Volley: No [0] Crashing Volley: No [0]
Step Out: 2 [1] Drill: No [0] Characteristics: Stubborn [2]

Gelernte Jaeger
Rifle-armed skirmishers (max. of 1 group)
Name: Jaeger Type: Skirmisher Points Value: List 9 + 1 [7 variables] = 10
Weapon: Rifle Size: 6 Formation: Always [2]
First Fire: Yes [1] Controlled Volley: No Crashing Volley: No
Step Out: 2 [1] Drill: No Characteristics: Sharp Practice [2]; Stubborn [1]

B) Cavalry
Hussars
Name: Hussars Type: Scouting Cavalry Points Value: List 5 + 0 [5 variables] = 5
Weapon: Sabre/pistol Size: 8 Formation: Always [2]
First Fire: No [0] Controlled Volley: No [0] Crashing Volley: No [0]
Step Out: No [0] Drill: No [0] Characteristics: In Hand [2]; Tally Ho [1]

Uhlans
Name: Uhlans Type: Impact Cavalry Points Value: List 7 + 0 [2 variables] = 7
Weapon: Lance/Sabre Size: 8 Formation: Always [2]
First Fire: No Controlled Volley: No Crashing Volley: No
Step Out: No Drill: No Characteristics: None

C) Artillery
Horse Guns
Name: Horse Artillery Type: Points Value: 6 + 1 [4 variables] = 7
Weapon: Medium Gun (6-pdr) Size: 5 Formation: Always [2]
First Fire: Yes [1] Controlled Volley: First only [1] Crashing Volley: No
Step Out: No Drill: No Characteristics: None

FORCES:
1) Infantry only

- Leader, Status IV (The Duke) – Prominent Leader
- Leader, Status II (Captain)
- Leader, Status I (Feldwebel)
- Four groups of 8 Regular infantry – muskets

- Leader, Status I (Lieutenant)
- Two groups of 6 skirmishers – muskets

Option A:
- Leader, Status I (Sergeant)
- One group of 6 skirmishers – rifles

Option B:
- Leader, Status I (Sergeant)
- One medium gun (6-pdr, or 7-pdr howitzer), 5 crew, limber & 6-horse team, 3 drivers

Points total: 64 [77 with Option A, 74 with Option B; 87 with both]

2) Light Column

- Leader, Status IV (The Duke) – Prominent Leader
- Leader, Status II (Captain)
- Two groups of 8 Regular infantry - muskets

- Leader, Status I (Lieutenant)
- Leader, Status I (Sergeant)
- One group of 6 skirmishers – muskets
- One group of 6 skirmishers – rifles

- Leader, Status II (Captain)
- Leader, Status I (Sergeant)
- Two groups of 8 Scouting Cavalry – sabre & pistol
- One group of Impact Cavalry – lance & sabre

Option:
- Leader, Status I (Sergeant)
- One medium gun (6-pdr or 7-pdr howitzer), 5 crew, limber & 6-horse team,3 drivers

Points total: 80 [90 with Gun Option]

Any thoughts and/or suggestions for amendments, gratefully received. I'm hoping to put up lists for the 1810-184 units in English service, and the 100 Days' Corps over the next few days (should they be added to this list, or on separate threads?).
Last edited by BaronVonWreckedoften on Sun Jun 10, 2018 6:17 pm, edited 2 times in total.

GunnarL
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Re: 1809 Black Brunswickers

Post by GunnarL » Tue Jun 05, 2018 6:30 pm

These look pretty good, but I would hesitate to give skirmishers stubborn. I would say that Sharp Practice is a better trait for skirmish units.

For the later lists, I would almost make the infantry Weedy Coves or Surly as they struggled to replace their losses with quality troops as time moved along, being much less effective by Waterloo than they were in Spain.

BaronVonWreckedoften
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Re: 1809 and 1811-1814 Black Brunswickers

Post by BaronVonWreckedoften » Tue Jun 05, 2018 8:46 pm

GunnarL - Some good points there. I have split the Peninsula lists into 1811-1812, and 1813-1814, and made the main body of the regiment "surly" for the latter period, and converted "Stubborn" to "Sharp Practice" for the skirmishers; I suspect that the 1811-1812 version of the regiment was still very much in the same vein as the 1809 version. Hope you approve.
Last edited by BaronVonWreckedoften on Tue Jun 05, 2018 8:56 pm, edited 2 times in total.

BaronVonWreckedoften
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Re: 1809, Peninsula and Waterloo Brunswickers

Post by BaronVonWreckedoften » Tue Jun 05, 2018 8:48 pm

In English Service (Braunschweig-Oels Jaeger & Hussars)

Following the evacuation of “Die Schwarz Schar” from Continental Europe in the late summer of 1809, the corps was re-organised in England into a single-battalion light infantry regiment of 12 companies (9 armed with muskets and three with rifles), and a two-squadron hussar regiment. After being re-equipped with British kit and weapons, they were sent to the Peninsula. The hussars served primarily in eastern Spain and later elsewhere in the Mediterranean, as part of an amphibious force that attempted to disrupt French control of that area. However, the light infantry battalion served with Wellington’s main army – the three rifle-armed sharpshooter companies were detached and parcelled out (rather like the companies of the 5/60th Rifles), one serving alongside British light companies in the skirmish screen of the 4th Division, the other two with that of the 5th Division. The main body of the unit was initially assigned to the Light Division, then transferred (along with some unpleasant words of farewell from Craufurd) to the 7th Division as part of a plan to create a Light Division Mark 2, that nevr quite came to fruition. Here they were initially brigaded with the two KGL Light Battalions, and occasionally accompanied by British, KGL, or Portuguese cavalry, until the former were re-assigned to their colleagues in the 1st Division. There was no integral artillery.

The common perception of the Brunswickers in the Peninsula has largely been coloured by two factors – first, Craufurd’s intemperate remarks, and second, by successive historians largely repeating one another in an orgy of “bloody foreigners” moaning, that – certainly in terms of alleged desertion figures – does not bear serious scrutiny. An objective assessment of the Brunswick infantry regiment’s fighting record can be found here [http://www.napoleon-series.org/military ... kOels.html ]. It is fair to say, though, that as the Peninsula conflict dragged on, the quality of recruits for the “Owls” deteriorated considerably, with the KGL getting the best Germans, and something of a hotch-potch of former PoWs from across eastern Europe going to the Brunswickers. Nevertheless, the officers and NCOs would appear to have made some effort at maintaining discipline, as the unit continued to give a good account of itself from time to time. As a consequence, the infantry profiles and statistics below divide into two parts – from 1811 to 1812, and from 1813 until the end of the Peninsula War in 1814 – to reflect the deterioration in recruits, or at least the superior quality of the original strength of the unit when it arrived in the Iberian peninsula. The hussar regiment seems to have been better controlled – at least, the British retained it in their own service until after the Waterloo campaign (the Brunswick Hussar Regiment in that campaign was newly-raised). The lists below also owe something to the work of forum member "Redbad" - you can see his views here: viewtopic.php?f=31&t=5120&p=58570&hilit ... 600#p58570

Generic Support Lists
- List One: Physic; Musician; Barricade; Ladders
- List Two: Specialist (Marksman - only if KGL or Sharpshooter units fielded); Water Cart; Breastwork
- List Three: Exploring Officer; Ammunition Cart; Extra Leader, Status I; Raise any Leader one level
- List Six: Extra Leader, Status II

Infantry
Main body 1811-1812:
Name: Infantry Type: Regular Points Value: 5 + 2 [10 variables] = 7
Weapon: Musket Size: 8 Formation: Always [2]
First Fire: Yes [1] Controlled Volley: Yes [2] Crashing Volley: 3 [0]
Step Out: 2 [1] Drill: 2 [1] Characteristics: Sharp Practice [2]; Aggressive [1]

Third rank skirmishers (max. of 1 for every 2 main groups) 1811-1812:
Name: 3rd Rank Type: Skirmisher Points Value: 6 + 1 [6 variables] = 7
Weapon: Musket Size: 6 Formation: Always [2]
First Fire: Yes [1] Controlled Volley: No [0] Crashing Volley: No [0]
Step Out: 2 [1] Drill: No [0] Characteristics: Sharp Practice [2]

Main body 1813-1814:
Name: Infantry Type: Regular Points Value: 5 + 0 [4 variables] = 5
Weapon: Musket Size: 8 Formation: Always [2]
First Fire: Yes [1] Controlled Volley: First only [2] Crashing Volley: 3 [0]
Step Out: 3 [0] Drill:-3 [0] Characteristics: Surly [-1]

Third rank skirmishers (max. of 1 for every 2 main groups) 1813-1814:
Name: 3rd Rank Type: Skirmisher Points Value: 6 + 0 [3 variables] = 6
Weapon: Musket Size: 6 Formation: Always [2]
First Fire: Yes [1] Controlled Volley: No [0] Crashing Volley: No [0]
Step Out: 3 [0] Drill: No [0] Characteristics: None

Scharfschutzen (Sharpshooters)
Rifle-armed skirmishers 1811-1814 (max. of 1 group per British light column – no other Brunswick troops allowed)
Name: Jaeger Type: Skirmisher Points Value: 9 + 2 [7 variables] = 11
Weapon: Rifle Size: 6 Formation: Always [2]
First Fire: Yes [1] Controlled Volley: No [0] Crashing Volley: No [0]
Step Out: 2 [1] Drill: No [0] Characteristics: Sharp Practice [2]; Stubborn [1]

Hussars
Part of a larger cavalry force 1812-1815 (max. of 4 groups – no other Brunswick troops allowed)
Name: Hussars Type: Scouting Cavalry Points Value: 5 + 0 [4 variables] = 5
Weapon: Sabre, pistols Size: 8 Formation: Always [2]
First Fire: No [0] Controlled Volley: No [0] Crashing Volley: No [0]
Step Out: No [0] Drill: No [0] Characteristics: In Hand [2]


FORCES

1) Brunswick-Oels Jaegers Main Body (1811-1812)
Leader, Status III (Major)
Leader, Status I (Sergeant-Major)
Four groups of 8 Regular infantry – muskets
Leader, Status II (Captain)
Two groups of 6 skirmishers – muskets
Option A: KGL Light Battalion
Leader, Status II (Lieutenant)
Replace up to two groups of 6 skirmishers - muskets, with two groups of 6 skirmishers – rifles
Option B: KGL Hussar Regiment
Leader, Status I (Sergeant)
One group of 8 Scouting Cavalry – sabre & pistol
Points total: 60 [72 with Option A, 69 with Option B; 81 with both]

2) Brunswick-Oels Jaegers Main Body (1813-1814)
Leader, Status III (Major)
Leader, Status I (Sergeant-Major)
Four groups of 8 Regular infantry – muskets
Leader, Status II (Captain)
Two groups of 6 skirmishers – muskets
Option A: British Light Companies
Leader, Status II (Lieutenant)
Replace up to two groups of 6 skirmishers - muskets, with two groups of 6 skirmishers – muskets
Option B: British Light Dragoon Regiment
Leader, Status I (Sergeant)
One group of 8 Scouting Cavalry – sabre & pistol [Tally ho!]
Points total: 54 [58 with Option A, 63 with Option B; 67 with both]

Forces for the 100 Days will follow shortly.

Edited to amend error where skirmish table not used to calculate variation factor.
Last edited by BaronVonWreckedoften on Sun Jun 10, 2018 6:26 pm, edited 2 times in total.

custosarmorum
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Re: 1809 and 1811-1814 Black Brunswickers

Post by custosarmorum » Fri Jun 08, 2018 4:42 am

Just a quick question. In the 1809 list the rifle-armed skirmishers are limited to one group; so why give them “formation: always?”

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Re: 1809 and 1811-1814 Black Brunswickers

Post by Derek H » Fri Jun 08, 2018 7:21 am

custosarmorum wrote:
Fri Jun 08, 2018 4:42 am
Just a quick question. In the 1809 list the rifle-armed skirmishers are limited to one group; so why give them “formation: always?”
Some people will want to use them as supports and others will want to make up their own lists.
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BaronVonWreckedoften
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Re: 1809, Peninsula and Waterloo Brunswickers

Post by BaronVonWreckedoften » Sun Jun 10, 2018 6:15 pm

custosarmorum wrote:
Fri Jun 08, 2018 4:42 am
Just a quick question. In the 1809 list the rifle-armed skirmishers are limited to one group; so why give them “formation: always?”
Probably a cut-and-paste error on my part, but Derek's comment is perfectly valid (however, I'd be lying if I said I'd thought of that!!!).

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Re: 1809, Peninsula and Waterloo Brunswickers

Post by Captain Reid » Mon Jun 11, 2018 6:20 am

They should also have it for consistency with similar troops of other nations. Voltigeurs and the various British and Portuguese lights are Formation - Always, so there's no reason why troops of comparable quality from other nations should not have it also.

As an aside, one musket-armed company of Oels was assigned to the 3/1st Foot. Goodness knows why, but it seems to have fought with them through the Peninsular War.
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BaronVonWreckedoften
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Re: 1809, Peninsula and Waterloo Brunswickers

Post by BaronVonWreckedoften » Mon Jun 11, 2018 8:27 am

That's interesting - 3/1st Foot was in 5th Division, which had two of the BOJ rifle companies attached to it (one of them to the same brigade as the 3/1st). There's no confusion as to which type of company it was, is there? Do you have any documentary reference by any chance?

http://www.napoleon-series.org/military ... kOels.html

The above article on the BOJ on the Napoleon Series website actually shows them temporarily reduced to eight companies from May to September 1811, and then back up to nine again thereafter. It isn't obvious that it is a manpower issue, as this part of the battalion remained around the 550 total throughout this period, so I had wondered if it was an attempt to equalise the formation to make it easier to manoeuvre, and the reversion to nine companies reflected an unofficial "light" company being created, rather than persevering with using third rankers as skirmishers.

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Re: 1809, Peninsula and Waterloo Brunswickers

Post by BaronVonWreckedoften » Mon Jun 11, 2018 8:51 am

The 100 Days Campaign

Whilst his troops in British service were still fighting in the Peninsula and the Mediterranean, the Duke had returned to Germany from England in late 1813 and begun raising a new Brunswick army. The first units raised, in the spring of 1814, were two rifle-armed jaeger companies; these were later combined with the majority of the Peninsula veterans to form the four-company Avante-Garde Battalion, the other two companies being armed with musket and bayonet, as was the norm in German rifle units of that time. The remaining Peninsula survivors formed a small cadre used to provide the nucleus of the Leib Battalion. By the end of 1814, an entire corps had been raised, made up of two brigades of infantry (plus a third brigade of landwehr), a small brigade of light cavalry, and two artillery units (one foot company and one horse troop, both using captured French guns). It should be noted that the Peninsula-era hussar regiment remained in British service until mid-1815, and hence all the Brunswick cavalry in the Waterloo campaign was newly-raised. On that basis, apart from the Avante-Garde and Leib Battalions, all units had served for roughly 6-12 months by the start of the Waterloo campaign, but had seen no active service, although individual officers and men may have done elsewhere. With only four companies in each of the Leib, Line and Light Battalions, it appears that the infantry still deployed its third-rank as skirmishers.

Whilst the negative comments put out by Anglophile authors should be taken with a very large pinch of salt, it should be noted that desertions did occur, and included von Specht, commander of the line infantry brigade! The lists below reflect the overall lack of combat experience across the bulk of the Brunswick Corps, but at the same time acknowledge the generally creditable performance achieved by the majority of units throughout the 100 Days’ campaign. As with the 1809 lists, the Duke of Brunswick is considered a “Prominent Leader” with the consequent potential for disruption should real-life repeat itself and he take a bullet. There are some interesting Brunswick accounts of the fighting at Quatre Bras here:-

https://ospreypublishing.com/blog/Water ... as_Osprey/

Generic Support Lists:-
• List One: Physic; Musician
• List Two: Specialist (Marksman – only if rifles fielded); Additional Canister; Water Cart; Moveable Deployment Point/Secondary Deployment Point (only if Avante-Garde fielded)
• List Three: Ammunition Cart; Extra Leader, Status I; Colours (only if at least two 8-figure (ie non-skirmish) groups from any one of the 1st, 2nd or 3rd Line Battalions is fielded)
• List Six: Extra Leader, Status II

A) Infantry

Avante-Garde Light Infantry:
Name: Infantry Type: Light Infantry Points Value: 7 + 2 [10 variables] = 9
Weapon: Musket Size: 8 Formation: Always [2]
First Fire: Yes [1] Controlled Volley: Yes [2] Crashing Volley: 3 [0]
Step Out: 2 [1] Drill: 2 [1] Characteristics: Sharp Practice [2]; Aggressive [1]

Avante-Garde Gelernte Jaeger:
Name: Jaeger Type: Skirmisher Points Value: 9 + 2 [7 variables] = 11
Weapon: Rifle Size: 6 Formation: Always [2]
First Fire: Yes [1] Controlled Volley: No Crashing Volley: No
Step Out: 2 [1] Drill: No Characteristics: Sharp Practice [2]

Leib Battalion:
Name: Infantry Type: Regular Points Value: 7 + 1 [9 variables] = 8
Weapon: Musket Size: 8 Formation: Always [2]
First Fire: Yes [1] Controlled Volley: Yes [2] Crashing Volley: 3 [0]
Step Out: 2 [1] Drill: 2 [1] Characteristics: Sharp Practice [2]

Third Rank Skirmishers Avante-Garde/Leib Battalions:
Name: Infantry Type: Skirmisher Points Value: 6 + 1 [6 variables] = 7
Weapon: Musket Size: 6 Formation: Always [2]
First Fire: Yes [1] Controlled Volley: No [0] Crashing Volley: No [0]
Step Out: 2 [1] Drill: No [0] Characteristics: Sharp Practice [2]

1st, 2nd & 3rd Line/1st, 2nd & 3rd Light Battalions:
Name: Infantry Type: Regular Points Value: 5 + 0 [6 variables] = 5
Weapon: Musket Size: 8 Formation: Always [2]
First Fire: Yes [1] Controlled Volley: First only [1] Crashing Volley: 3 [0]
Step Out: 3 [0] Drill: 3 [0] Characteristics: Stubborn [2]

Third Rank Skirmishers Line/Light Battalions:
Name: Infantry Type: Skirmishers Points Value: 6 + 0 [3 variables] = 6
Weapon: Musket Size: 8 Formation: Always [2]
First Fire: Yes [1] Controlled Volley: No [0] Crashing Volley: No [0]
Step Out: No [0] Drill: No [0] Characteristics: None [0]

B) Cavalry

Hussars
Name: Hussars Type: Scouting Cavalry Points Value: 5 - 1 [2 variables] = 4
Weapon: Sabre, pistols Size: 8 Formation: Always [2]
First Fire: No [0] Controlled Volley: No [0] Crashing Volley: No [0]
Step Out: No [0] Drill: No [0] Characteristics: None

Uhlans
Name: Uhlans Type: Impact Cavalry Points Value: 7 – 1 [2 variables] = 6
Weapon: Lance/Sabre Size: 8 Formation: Always [2]
First Fire: No Controlled Volley: No Crashing Volley: No
Step Out: No Drill: No Characteristics: None

C) Artillery

Horse Guns
Name: Horse Artillery Type: Points Value: 6 + 1 [4 variables] = 7
Weapon: Medium Gun (French 6-pdr) Size: 5 Formation: Always [2]
First Fire: Yes [1] Controlled Volley: First [1] Crashing Volley: No
Step Out: No Drill: No Characteristics: None

Foot Guns
Name: Foot Artillery Type: Points Value: 6 + 1 [4 variables] = 7
Weapon: Medium Gun (French 6-pdr) Size: 5 Formation: Always [2]
First Fire: Yes [1] Controlled Volley: First [1] Crashing Volley: No
Step Out: No Drill: No Characteristics: None


FORCES:

1) Line/Light Battalion
Leader, Status III (Major)
Leader, Status II (Captain)
Four groups of 8 Regular infantry – muskets
Leader, Status I (Lieutenant)
Two groups of 6 skirmishers – muskets
Option A:
Leader, Status I (Sergeant)
One group of 8 Scouting Cavalry – sabre & pistol
Option B:
Leader, Status I (Sergeant)
One medium foot gun, 5 crew, limber & 6-horse team, 3 drivers
Points total: 50 [57 with Option A, 60 with Option B; 67 with both]

2) Scouting Column
Leader, Status IV (The Duke) – Prominent Leader
Leader, Status II (Captain)
Two groups of 8 A-G Light Infantry – muskets
Leader, Status I (Lieutenant)
Leader, Status I (Sergeant)
Two groups of 6 A-G skirmishers – rifles
Leader, Status II (Captain)
Leader, Status I (Sergeant)
Two groups of 8 Scouting Cavalry – sabre & pistol
One group of Impact Cavalry – lance & sabre
Option:
Leader, Status I (Sergeant)
One medium horse gun, 5 crew, limber & 6-horse team,3 drivers
Points total: 88 [98 with Gun Option]

3) Light Column (Leib Battalion)
Leader, Status IV (The Duke) – Prominent Leader
Leader, Status II (Captain)
Four groups of 8 Regulars – muskets
Leader, Status I (Lieutenant)
Leader, Status I (Sergeant)
Two groups of 6 Skirmishers – muskets
Option A:
Leader, Status I (Lieutenant)
Leader, Status I (Sergeant)
Two groups of 8 Scouting Cavalry – sabre & pistol
Option B:
Leader, Status I (Sergeant)
One medium gun (6-pdr or 7-pdr howitzer), 5 crew, limber & 6-horse team,3 drivers
Points total: 70 [84 with Option A; 80 with Option B; 94 with both]

This completes the sequence of Brunswick forces covering the 1809-1815 period. Any and all questions/comments/corrections gratefully received.

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